open reduction-internal fixation

An open reduction-internal fixation, commonly abbreviated to ORIF, refers to the orthopedic operative management of a fracture (or fracture-dislocation complex) where reduction requires surgical (hence open) approach and internal fixation is applied.

Internal fixation may be in the form of:

  • screws
  • intramedullary nail
  • plates and screws
  • K-wires
  • tension band wiring
  • pins
  • cords (eg TightRope)