spondylolisthesis grading system
A commonly adopted method of grading the severity of spondylolisthesis is the Meyerding classification. It divides the superior endplate of the vertebra below into 4 quarters. The grade depends on the location of the posteroinferior corner of the vertebra above.
- grade I: 0-25%
- grade II: 26-50%
- grade III: 51-75%
- grade IV: 76-100%
- grade V (spondyloptosis): >100%
History and etymology
The grading system is named after its inventor Henry W Meyerding (1884 - 1969), who was an American orthopedic surgeon at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. He proposed the classification in an article in 1932 .
- inverted Napoleon hat sign
- anterior displacement measurement Taillard