Buphthalmos is a descriptive term which simply means an enlarged eyeball or ocular globe due to increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma), without deformation or and intrinsic mass lesion.
It typically manifests in infants and young children.
It usually indicates the presence of congenital (infantile) glaucoma in a majority of cases.
History and etymology
It derives from the Greek word βοῦς bous (ox or cow), referring to the bulging eyes common to bovines.