Hüftluxation

Hip dislocation is a relatively rare entity and may be congenital or acquired.

Epidemiology

Hip dislocations account for ~5% of all dislocations .

Pathology

There are numerous patterns of dislocation :

Etiology
Acquired

Acquired hip dislocation is normally associated with high-speed trauma, with motor vehicle collisions account half of the dislocation with other causes such as falls and sports injuries, less common .

Hip dislocation is the second most common complication of hip joint replacements and occurs in ~5% (range 0.5-10%) of patients with ~60% of dislocations being recurrent .

Congenital

Congenital hip dislocation is now considered part of the spectrum of developmental dysplasia of the hip (see the article for further information) .

Complications