IgA nephropathy

IgA nephropathy (also known as IgA nephritis or Berger disease) is a form of glomerulonephritis.


IgA nephropathy is considered the most common glomerulonephritis worldwide and is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease and renal failure.


Primary IgA nephropathy is characterized by deposition of  IgA antibodies in the glomeruli. The is thought to start with defective glycosylation of IgA subclass IgA1 that results in overproduction of galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1), occurrence of anti-Gd-IgA1 autoantibodies, and mesangial deposition of nephritogenic immune complexes. This may eventually lead to increased mesangial cell proliferation, inflammatory responses, and complement activation.


The most common associatation is a IgA vasculitis (which is often considered a broader systemic form of IgA nephropathy.

Clinical presentation

  • macroscopic hematuria in conjunction with respiratory or gastrointestinal infection (common presentation in younger patients)
  • microscopic hematuria
  • proteinuria
  • hypertension