Rachischisis totalis, also known as complete spina bifida, refers to a severe form of spina bifida where there is a cleft through the entire spine.
There is often a severe or complete defect of the neural tube involving the entire spine from the cervical region through to the sacrum.
A rachischisis often occurs in association cranial neural tube defects such as:
Treatment and prognosis
A rachischisis is almost always fatal.
History and etymology
The term rachischisis derives from the Greek words rachi meaning spine and schisis meaning split.