stylopharyngeus muscle

The stylopharyngeus muscle is in the head and neck region, and one of the inner longitudinal muscles of the pharynx.


Gross anatomy


It originates from the medial aspect of the styloid process at the base of the temporal bone where it is cylindrical in shape.


It courses inferiorly adjacent to the pharynx where it flattens out, passing between the superior and middle pharyngeal constrictor muscles. A few fibers merge with the lateral glossoepiglottic fold and the constrictor muscles. Other fibers join the palatopharyngeus muscle to attach onto the posterior border of the thyroid cartilage.

Arterial supply

Venous drainage

  • venous drainage: via veins corresponding to the named arteries


The muscle receives motor innervation from the glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX).


  • elevation of the larynx and pharynx
  • deglutition
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