Bruns syndrome occurs in patients with an obstructing intraventricular mass and consists of abrupt paroxysms of:
- severe headache
The symptoms are characteristically exacerbated with sudden movements of the head.
There are two main theories as to the pathogenesis of Bruns syndrome:
Historically, the primary cause of this presentation was an intraventricular tumor, which could be benign or malignant. Since the 1950s the typical patient has had intraventricular neurocysticercosis.
History and etymology
This entity was first described in 1902 by the German neurologist, Ludwig Bruns (1858-1916), who worked in Hanover . It was another German neurologist, Hermann Oppenheim (1858-1919), who coined the term Bruns syndrome .