The infrahyoid muscles or strap muscles are a group of four paired muscles in the anterior neck below the hyoid bone, within the muscular triangle. They are responsible for depressing the hyoid during swallowing.
There are four strap muscles:
- sternohyoid: superficial and medial
- omohyoid: superficial and lateral
- sternothyroid: deep and medial
- thyrohyoid: deep and lateral
Each muscle is supplied by different nerves from the ansa cervicalis.
History and etymology
The name "strap muscles" comes from their long and flat shape, similar to a belt or strap .
The muscles are retracted apart in the midline to access the thyroid gland for thyroidectomy.