Left main bronchus
The trachea bifurcates into the right and left main bronchi at the level of the carina, supplying air to the right and left lungs respectively. Each main or primary bronchus enters the hilum of its lung and gives rise to secondary lobar bronchi, which further divide into tertiary segmental bronchi supplying the individual bronchopulmonary segments.
The left main bronchus is longer, runs more horizontally and is about twice as long as the right main bronchus . It reaches the hilum of the left lung at the level of T6, lying inferior to the aortic arch and anterior to the esophagus and thoracic aorta.
It gives rise to two lobar bronchi, the left upper and lower lobar bronchi .
At left pulmonary hilum:
- superiorly: left pulmonary artery (aortic arch superior to pulmonary artery)
- inferiorly: left pulmonary veins
- anteriorly: left pulmonary veins
- posteriorly: descending thoracic aorta
Left main bronchus is supplied by two arteries, superior and inferior left bronchial arteries directly arising from the descending aorta .
- tracheal bronchus (pig bronchus)
- cardiac bronchus
- esophageal bronchus