parachute mitral valve

A parachute mitral valve is a valvular congenital abnormality usually identified in infants or young children, though it can present later, in adulthood.


Parachute mitral valves occur when all the chordae tendineae are attached to a single papillary muscle origin. Unlike the normal situation where there are two papillary muscles providing attachment to the two leaflets, this single-origin means the valve has limited opening, thus causing a relative obstruction. When presenting in infancy, the condition usually progresses to mitral stenosis.


It may occur as a single anomaly but is recognized as part of the Shone complex.

Other recognized associations include:

See also

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