Pulmonary vein stenosis refers to a spectrum of conditions characterized by narrowing of the pulmonary veins. It can be congenital or acquired.

  • primary pulmonary vein stenosis - occurs in children
  • secondary pulmonary vein stenosis - occurs in adults and usually associated with some identifiable underlying causative process
    • involvement of the pulmonary veins by an extrinsic process
    • iatrogenic procedures - radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (1-3% of cases ).
    • post-surgical e.g. post-repair of anomalous pulmonary venous return


Recognized complications include

See also

Siehe auch: