Sex cord / stromal ovarian tumors

Sex cord / stromal ovarian tumors are a subtype of ovarian tumors and account for 8-10% of all ovarian tumors. They arise from two groups of cells in the ovary:

  • stromal cells
  • primitive sex cords: celomic epithelium

The group of tumors includes

Radiographic features

Initial imaging modality to evaluate sex cord-stromal tumors is ultrasound. Large mass with heterogenous appearance is commonly seen .

These ovarian tumors tend to be unilateral, homogeneous, and tend to be solid (although may be cystic and solid). For individual appearances, see the subarticles.

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