Torus mandibularis

Mandibular tori, analogous to maxillary tori, are common benign outgrowths of bone from the inner surface of the mandible and are usually bilateral.

Clinical presentation

They are usually asymptomatic but may cause issues with eating and drinking.


They are composed of compact bone, densely mineralized usually without medullary cavity, and arise from the inner surface of the mandible.

The cause of such bony outgrowths has not been established but a genetic component is thought likely.

Radiographic features


Bony outgrowths from the inner aspect of the alveolar bone of the mandible above the origin of the mylohyoid muscle.

Treatment and prognosis

Mandibular tori are benign, slow growing and non-invasive. Removal is required only if they are symptomatic.

See also

Siehe auch:
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