The superficial epigastric artery is a small cutaneous branch of the common femoral artery which contributes to the arterial supply of the anterior abdominal wall below the umbilicus.
- origin: common femoral artery, approximately 1 cm below the inguinal ligament
- course: passes superiorly, either piercing the fascia lata or passing through the saphenous opening before traveling anterior to the inguinal ligament and running within superficial fascia towards the umbilicus
- termination: may anastomose with branches of the inferior epigastric artery or contralateral superficial epigastric artery
- supply: branches supply the superficial subinguinal lymph nodes, and subcutaneous tissue and skin of the suprapubic region