Emphysematous gastritis is a cause of gastric emphysema. It is a form of phlegmonous gastritis caused by gas-producing organisms . In this condition, microorganisms (e.g. Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium welchii, or mixed infections with Staphylococcus aureus) produce the gas, which is identified within the stomach wall . It is an uncommon entity with a high mortality rate.
Most cases are brought about by caustic ingestion, alcohol abuse, surgery, trauma, or ischemia .
Imaging appearances are similar and essentially indistinguishable to other causes of gas within the stomach wall; please refer to gastric emphysema.
- Pneumatosis intestinalis
- phlegmonöse Gastritis
- emphysematöse Pankreatitis