Birth trauma (a.k.a. birth injury) relates to those conditions caused by both physical/mechanical and hypoxic injuries.
Birth trauma occurs in ~5 per 1000 births .
There are a wide range of conditions related to birth trauma, ranging from superficial and minor injuries through to fatal injuries.
- superficial bruising, grazes and lacerations
- caput succedaneum
- long bone fractures, especially clavicular and femoral
- fibromatosis colli
- skull fracture
- vertebral fractures, in particular of C7 and T1
- brachial plexus injury
- congenital facial nerve palsy
- intracranial hemorrhage (ICH)
- neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
- spinal cord injury
Birth trauma may not be readily apparent initially, and may have a delayed presentation. Non-accidental injuries can be considered in the neonate in the correct context.
- Kongenitale Klavikulapseudarthrose
- Geburtstraumatische Claviculafraktur
- congenital skull depression
- birth trauma (physical)
- Geburtstraumatische Humerusfraktur