Pankreaslipomatose

Pancreatic lipomatosis refers to fat accumulation in the pancreatic parenchyma. This finding is most often associated with obesity and aging.

It tends to be the commonest pathological condition involving the pancreas. The condition may occasionally simulate a mass-like lesion particularly when fatty replacement is uneven .

Terminology

Many terms have been used in the literature to refer to similar conditions. Recognizing these differences, one nomenclature proposes that the general terms for pancreatic fat accumulation include pancreatic lipomatosis, fatty pancreas, and pancreatic steatosis . The most extreme variant is lipomatous pseudohypertrophy, characterized by pancreatic enlargement, but some consider this a distinct entity .

The entity can be divided by etiology :

  • fatty replacement: death of acinar cells with subsequent replacement with adipocytes
  • fatty infiltration or nonalcoholic fatty pancreas disease: pancreatic accumulation of adipocytes in association with obesity/metabolic syndrome

Pathology

Subtypes
  • even pancreatic lipomatosis
  • uneven pancreatic lipomatosis
    • type 1a: preferential fatty replacement of the head, sparing the uncinate process and peribiliary region
    • type 1b: preferential fatty replacement of head, neck, and body, sparing the uncinate process and peribiliary region
    • type 2a: preferential fatty replacement of head, including uncinate process, and sparing the peribiliary region
    • type 2b: total fatty replacement of the pancreas except the peribiliary region
Etiology

Several etiologies are well established :

Less established etiologies include the following :

Differential diagnosis

Imaging differential considerations include:

  • pancreatic agenesis: in pancreatic lipomatosis, the ducts remain preserved