Diabetes insipidus

Diabetes insipidus (DI) is the deficiency or resistance to the hormone vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone), which results in polyuria and polydipsia.

Epidemiology

DI occurs in 3 per 100,000 people .

Pathology

DI may be described as :

  • central/neurogenic/hypothalamic: vasopressin deficient (more common)
  • peripheral/nephrogenic: vasopressin resistant
Etiology

Treatment and prognosis

Desmopressin can be used to treat central DI .

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