Abdominal hernias (herniae also used) may be congenital or acquired and come with varying eponyms. They are distinguished primarily based on location and content. 75-80% of all hernias are inguinal.

Content of the hernia is variable, and may include:

Complications predominantly relate to bowel incarceration, strangulation, and intestinal obstruction. Large diaphragmatic hernias in infancy may be complicated by pulmonary hypoplasia.

  • external herniation
    • ventral: anterior and lateral abdominal hernias
    • dorsal
    • groin: most common
  • diaphragmatic herniation
  • internal herniation
  • Subclassification
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