musculoskeletal curriculum

The musculoskeletal curriculum is one of our curriculum articles and aims to be a collection of articles that represent the core of musculoskeletal knowledge.


Topics pertaining to bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments, but excluding the skeletal structures of the head.


Core anatomical topics include:

Upper limb
Lower limb and pelvis
Spine and chest wall
  • content pending

Radiological examinations

Plain radiography is the baseline imaging modality in most musculoskeletal problems. Other common musculoskeletal imaging modalities and imaging-guided procedures include:


Upper limb
Lower limb
Bone tumors

There are a bewildering number of bone tumors. Below are listed those considered important either because they are common, or because they are important or because they have specific imaging findings. For a more complete list, please refer to: bone tumors.

Soft tissue tumors
Congenital and developmental
Sports medicine

Sports medicine encompasses more than just musculoskeletal disease but in radiology, this is the main interaction with this specialty. The following topics concentrate on overuse injuries but bearing in mind that sports medicine encompasses some of the above topics but especially trauma. It should also be noted that many of these conditions can occur outside the sports medicine setting.

Upper limb
Pelvis and lower limb