central nervous system curriculum

The central nervous system curriculum is one of our curriculum articles and aims to be a collection of articles that represent the core central nervous system knowledge.

Definition 

Topics pertaining to the intracranial content (brain, pituitary, dura, intracranial vasculatures). There will be some overlap between this curriculum and the head and neck curriculum and the pediatric curriculum.

Anatomy and development

An understanding of the anatomy of relevant structures is essential. Core anatomical topics include:

Radiological examinations

Imaging techniques relevant to imaging of the central nervous system include:

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injuries

Malformations and genetic syndromes

Cortical malformations
Proliferative disorders
Migration disorders
Organization disorders

For more detail see malformations of cortical development classification.

Cerebellar malformations
Dysraphic malformations
Other malformations
Phakomatoses

Metabolic and toxic CNS diseases

Metabolic encephalopathies
Inborn errors of metabolism
Toxic encephalopathy
Alcoholism-related
Others

Inflammatory demyelinating diseases

Epilepsy

Brain tumors and tumor-like lesions

  • intra vs extra-axial location
  • DWI, PWI, MRS of brain tumors
Classification
1: Neuroepithelial tumors
Neuronal and mixed neuronal-glial tumors
Pineal tumors
Embryonal tumors
2: Tumors of the peripheral nerves
3: Meningeal tumors
4: Lymphatic and hematopoietic tumors
5: Germ cell tumors
6: Tumors of the sellar region
7: Metastases to the brain
8: Intracranial extensions from the skull
9: Non-neoplastic mass lesions and cysts

Vascular Lesions

Stroke: diagnosis and therapy
Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage
Vascular anomalies and malformations
Venous thrombosis
Vascular neurointerventional procedures
  • indications
  • basic techniques

Infectious diseases of the CNS

Classification 
Granulomatous inflammatory diseases
Bacterial infections
Fungal infections
Parasitic infections​
Viral infections
Prion infections
AIDS imaging and current therapy effects

CNS trauma

Neurodegenerative diseases

Synucleinopathies
Tauopathies
Cerebral amyloidosis
Others